African-American Pioneers in Science

African-American Scientists - Medicine

Medicine is the science of the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease.


Early African-Americans in medicine -

  • Dr. Charles Richard Drew (1904 - 1950) developed methods for safely storing and preserving blood and help found the first large scale blood bank in the U.S.
  • Dr. Daniel Hale Williams (1858 - 1931) performed the first known successful open-heart surgery.
  • Dr. Jane Cooke Wright (1919 - 2013) pioneered the use of methotrexate to treat breast and skin cancer.

For more information on the pioneering African-Americans in medicine mentioned above, click on their photo below.



Also be sure to visit our African-American Pioneers in Science Book Store for more information on all the African-American scientists profiled on this site.