African-American Pioneers in Science

African-American Scientists - Biologists

Biology is the scientific study of life and living organisms. Biology has many sub-branches including botany (study of plants), cell biology (study of living cells), embryology (study of the development of the embryo), entomology (study of insects) and zoology (study of animals).


Early African-American scientists made many contributions to biology.

  • Botanist George Washington Carver (1865 - 1943) developed new methods of crop rotation and new uses for peanuts, soybeans and other crops.
  • Cell biologist Jewel Plummer Cobb (1924 - ) studied the synthesis and effects of melanin.
  • Embryologist Ernest Everett Just (1883 - 1941) studied cell fertilization in marine animals.
  • Entomologist Charles Henry Turner (1867 - 1923) demonstrated that insects could hear and learn by trial and error.
  • Zoologist Roger Arliner Young (1899 - 1964) studied paramecium (single cell organisms) and fertilization in marine organisms.

For more information on the pioneering African-American biologists listed above, click on their photo below.



Also be sure to visit our African-American Pioneers in Science Book Store for more information on all the African-American scientists profiled on this site.